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Nepal Information

Nepal is squeezed and landlocked with India in the southern, eastern, and western and Tibet (china) in northern frontier. Nepal, a paradise on the earth for all types of traveler. It has numerous variations of languages, (70 spoken), religions, cultures, more than 61 ethnic groups, geographic structures (flat land of Terai 50 meters from sea level to 8848 meters roof of the world Mount Everest), flora and fauna. Eight highest Mountain including Mount Everest from 14 mountains higher than 8000 meters in the world. The country has many ever flowing glacier rivers, thick tropical jungles, greatest mountain ranges and different climatic conditions. Owing to its diversity, you will find a special ecosystem here. Various species of animals, rare in the world such as the one horned rhinoceros, red pandas are also found here. Nepal has an astonishing collection of sightseeing and adventurous opportunities. The country is home to different kinds of butterflies & of course birds.

Nepal has a rich culture, tradition and numerous festivals. Different kinds of festivals are celebrated throughout the year, based on the customs & beliefs in a particular area. The country is 1,47,181sq. km in area and the capital city is Kathmandu.

Agriculture is the primary economic backbone of Nepal. Farming is the occupation of more than 70% people in Nepal. Tourism is major industry and since a decade remittance from Golf countries, Europe and US. Agriculture is the primary economic backbone of Nepal. Farming is the occupation of more than 70% people in Nepal.

Fast Facts

Nepal has unique geography which is unbelievable ever. Within it’s narrow border you will find complete climatic range, tropical to temperate, alpine to arctic. It’s culturally fascinated and geographically spectacular. The Himalayas extended from Assam, eastern India, north lies Tibet and remain share the flat border with India. Nepal divided into three geographical belts: Mountain region, Hill region and Terai region. Going from north to south are the summit laden Himalayas, the middle hills of the Shiwalik and Mahabharata ranges, and to the south the lush plains of the Terrain.

Nepal has four major seasons. They are:

  • Winter (December-February)
  • Spring (March-May)
  • Summer (June-august)
  • Autumn (September November)

The winter is from December - February, Spring is from March to May, Summer from June - August and Autumn is September - November. Light weight clothes are recommended for May-October. Warm garments are required during November-March.

Nepal can be visited throughout the year, although activities such as safari excursion, rafting, trekking. Mountaineering, scenic Mountain flights are best from September to May (Autumn, Winter & Spring)

Time

Nepal Standard Time is 5 hours 45 minutes ahead of GMT and 15 minutes ahead of Indian Standard Time.

Entering Nepal

Kathmandu, the capital city is linked by both air and road. Flights link it with Delhi, Kolkata, Varanasi and Mumbai in India, Dhaka in Bangladesh, Karachi (Pakistan), Paro (Bhutan), Bangkok (Thailand), Singapore, Honking, Dubai, Frankfurt, London, Pairs, Osaka, Doha(Qatar) and Lhasa.

By road there are 15 entry points, the major ones being Birgunj, Bhairahawa (Sunauli), Kakarbhitta, Nepalgunj (from India) and at Kodari (friendship bridge) from Tibet.

Health

No International certificates of vaccination regarding current inoculation against Cholera, Typhoid or Yellow fever are required.

Clothing

It is advisable to bring along warm clothing while traveling from November to February and tropical wear from March to October.

Religion

Nepal is a religious melting pot and the major religions are Hinduism (90%), Buddhism (6%), Islam (3%) and the rest (1%) comprise of Catholics and others. But there is a harmony among all religions.

Population

Nepal has almost 28 million people comprising of a variety of races and tribes, speaking different language and dialects.

Language

There are more than 30 languages and dialects and as many distinct ethnic groups. Nepali is the official language and English is understood and spoken by educated people in Kathmandu valley and other major cities.

Visa

A visa is required to enter Nepal except for Indian Nationals. Indians must, however, keep identification papers while in Nepal. Visitors from SAARC countries and China most have to pay visa fees. Visitors can get visas at the major entry points mentioned before upon arrival. Re-entry visas are granted free of cost to any visitor who has stayed for at least 15 days in Nepal in a visa year (January - December). Children under 10 are not charged for a visa unless they have individual passport. Visa fee payable only in USD cash. Minimum for 15 days USD $ 30.00, 30 days USD $ 40 and 90 days is USD $ 100.00 Visa can be extended from central immigration office Kathmandu and Regional office Pokhara. A visitor can stay 150 days on tourist visa in same visa year.

Visa fee is subject to change as per government rules and regulations.

Airport Tax

No airport tax will be charged since from year 2008. It’s included in the Ticket price. 

Passport

A valid passport is required for all nationals except Indians. Indians must, however, possess a valid identification papers issued from the government authority.

Customs Formalities

All baggage must be declared and cleared through the customs on arrival at the entry. Personal effects are permitted free entry. A tourist may bring in dutiable goods, such as tobacco and liquor, within the prescribed quantity free of duty. Carrying narcotics, arms and ammunition is strictly prohibited. Visitors can export souvenirs to their respective countries. The export of antiques requires special certificate from the Department of Archaelogy.

Currency Regulation

Import of Indian Currency by foreigners other than Indian nationals is strictly prohibited. All visitors should obtain a receipt for all currency exchange. The same should be handed over at the airport at the departure and generally 10% of the amount exchanged can be reconverted from Nepalese Rupees into US Dollars.

Local Currency

The Nepalese Rupees is the local currency and is subdivided into 100 paisa. The denomination of currency notes available are in 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 25, 50, 100, 500, 1000 and coins in 50 paisa, 1, 2, 5 Rupee currently in circulation.

The country has many ever flowing rivers, thick tropical jungles, greatest mountain ranges and different climatic conditions. Owing to its diversity, we find a special ecosystem here. Various species of animals, rare in the world such as the one horned rhino are also found here. Nepal has an astonishing collection of sightseeing and adventurous opportunities. The country is home to different kinds of butterflies & of birds also.

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