Kanchanjangha Base Came Trekking Itinerary:
Day 01: Kathmandu – Biratnagar (72m/236ft), 35min flight
The journey begins with an internal flight eastwards to Biratnagar, on the edge of the Indian plains, where we check into our hotel and have a free afternoon.
Day 02: Biratnagar – Suketar – Mitlung (850m/2,790 ft), 15min flight, 5-6 hrs trek
After breakfast and an early flight, we meet our porters at Suketar and then trek down to the village of Asahangpati and on to the Tamor Khola. This major river, and its tributaries, carries the waters off all the mountains to the north to the Ganges. Most villages are situated on high gentle slopes above steep sided valleys where agriculture is possible. We follow it upstream through bird filled forest, to the Chhetri village of Mitlung. Overnight at Mitlung.
Day 03: Mitlung - Chirwa (1,190m/3,905ft), 6-7 hrs
Today’s trail passes through dense patches of sub-tropical rainforest and follows the valley, from village to tributary crossings and up again. The region is home to ethnic Kirantis, now known as Limbus, who are chiefly involved in traditional agriculture. Beyond Sinwa, the valley narrows and the trail picks its way over landslides to Tawa. There are many bee hives in this region. Chirwa is a delightful cluster-village set amongst boulders: the campsite is next to a stream beyond the village. Overnight at Chirwa.
Day 04: Chirwa - Sekathum (1,640m/5,390ft), 5-6 hrs
Now the valley broadens and the landscape changes subtly. Cross the Sisuwa Khola and continue to Tapethok; the entrance and checkpoint to the Kangchenjunga Conservation Area. Wealthy cardamom farms surround the village. Follow the trail to a bridge over the Tamewa Khola and Tamewa and continue to Hellok. (Between these villages, a bridge leads west to the hilltop village of Lelep: headquarters of the KCA project.) Beyond Hellok, a suspension bridge crosses the Simbuwa Khola: the river that rises from the Yalung Glacier on Kangchenjunga’s south face. The next bridge crosses the Ghunsa Khola that rises from Kangchenjunga’s north face glacier. This is at its confluence with the Tamur Khola just below the village of Sekathum. The first views of Khumbakarna (Jannu) may be seen. Overnight at Sekathum.
Day 05: Sekathum - Amjilosa (2,490m/8,168ft), 5-6hrs.
After breakfast, we follow the trail along the north bank of the Ghunsa Khola which is set in a steep sided and narrow valley. It passes through oak and rhododendron forest with bamboo undergrowth as well as small Sherpa settlements, mainly tending yaks: there is still evidence of extensive forest burning for slash-and-burn agriculture. After lunch, there is a steep climb up to the small and friendly Tibetan settlement of Amjilosa, set on a small level kharka with great views back down the valley. Overnight at Amjilosa.
Day 06: Amjilosa - Gyabla (2,730m/8,955ft), 4-5hrs.
This is a fairly short day. The trail leads up to a flat ridge and then meanders through forests of bamboo, rhododendron, birch and brown oaks. It passes waterfalls and a few scattered summer pastures. Eventually it reaches a large set of rapids, after which a stiff climb leads up to the Sherpa village of Gyabla. The slopes around the village have been denuded for fields, but the forest remains pristine on the opposite side of the valley. Overnight at Gyabla.
Day 07: Gyabla - Ghunsa (3,430m/11,250ft), 5-6hrs
Today’s trail passes through hemlock and bamboo forest as it drops steeply into a ravine before levelling out. The forest gradually changes to alpine Himalayan fir and rhododendron as the path rises towards the large summer yak pastures and potato fields around the village of Phale (3,140m/10,302ft). There is a wooden Gompa with several statues and old thangkas, brought originally from Tibet.
Beyond Phale, the valley widens and the trail improves as it passes through larch forests and cultivated fields. It then dips down to cross the Ghunsa Khola and enter Ghunsa. This is the largest village in the region and is now occupied throughout the year: swelling in numbers as yaks and goats are brought up (and beyond) to pasture during the summer months.
Day 08: Ghunsa: Rest and acclimatisation day.
Ghunsa is an attractive Tibetan village with homesteads spaced in wood-enclosed fields. Steep forested slopes and almost sheer rock faces form the valley sides with snow-clad peaks towering 1,000m above.
Visit the monastery (belonging to the Khampa Dzong monasteries of Tibet) on the edge of the village. Look for locally made Tibetan carpets. Consider a day hike up the Yamatari Khola, along the Lapsang La trail, to a lake at the terminal moraine of the Yamatari glacier. Alternately follow the trail along the pipe line of the hydro electric plant towards the Tamo La: on the trail to Kangchenjunga’s south base camp. Bharal may be seen grazing above the village.
Day 09: Ghunsa - Kambachen (4 150m/13,615ft), 5-6 hrs.
The trail leads north of Ghunsa through glorious larch and juniper forests on the east bank of the Ghunsa Khola. After crossing a sandy, boulder-strewn floodplain it crosses the river over a rickety, wood and stone bridge before climbing above the west bank to Rambuk Kharka (3,720m/12,205ft). The hillsides become increasingly barren as the trail rises past a high waterfall and rock falls along a narrow trail. Further on it crosses a large, sandy landslide before climbing more steeply while passing the impressive snout of the Khumbakarna (Jannu) Glacier on the opposite side of the valley. It then drops briefly into Kambachen. From here there are great views of several peaks including Jannu (7,710m/25,295ft). Lammergeyers, eagles, kites, falcons and choughs are commonly seen. Overnight at Kambachen.
Day 10: Kambachen – Lhonak (4,790m/15,900ft), 4-5 hrs
The landscape becomes increasingly desolate; forged over aeons by glacial ice. The path is not strenuous but for a time negotiates the stony river bed before reaching summer-pastoral huts at Ramtang (4,370m/14,338ft). Beyond is the snout of the Kangchenjunga Glacier which has been joined by the Ramtang Glacier. Higher up, the stony path climbs over the moraine and drops to the riverbed of the Ghunsa Khola as it leaves the Lhonak Glacier to the north. Ford the river or cross on a low unstable bridge to the summer grazing kharkas at Lhonak, situated well above the main glacier. There are three small buildings and some old stone walls amongst boulders that can assist with tent-shelter from the icy winds. Ice peaks rise in all directions with the 1½km ridge of Chang Himal (Wedge Peak) as centre piece. Tent Peak is prominent on the eastern horizon at the end of the visible glacier. Overnight at Lhonak.
Day 11: Lhonak – Pang Pema Base Camp (5,160m/16,923ft), 2-3 hrs
From Lhonak the Kangchenjunga Glacier flows eastwards for several kilometres before turning south to rise to its extensive head on the northern slopes of Kangchenjunga. The path follows the lip of the glacier over short grasses or rocky tracks that undulate with the terrain. Pang Pema lies opposite the head of the glacier and from here offers the first full view of the vast north face of the mountain. Overnight at Pang Pema.
Day 12: Pang Pema Base Camp, rest and exploration day.
The views from Pang Pema must rank amongst the most spectacular in the world. From Kangchenjunga, an unbroken wall of peaks, nowhere less than 6,100m/20,000ft forms the border with Sikkim and to the north, Tibet. Beyond the campsite the West Langpo Glacier flows into the Kangchenjunga Glacier. A difficult route north leads over the Jonsang La into Tibet. Climb the lower slopes of Drohma Ri (5,500m/18,045ft) behind the camp for better views of the mountain – at sunrise. Walk along the Langpo moraine to Corner Camp for better views of Pyramid Peak, et al. Overnight at Pang Pema.
Day 13: Pangpema – Kambachen (4,150m/13,650ft), 5-6 hrs
The return journey from Pang Pema to Lhonak will be fairly slow, but beyond that the route is almost all downhill and thus Kambachen can easily be reached in a day. There are great views to enjoy. Overnight at Kambachen.
Day 14: Kambachen – Ghunsa – Phale (3,140m/10,302ft), 5-6 hrs
Retrace the path down to Ghunsa, for lunch. Look out for pheasants in the forest. Cross the river below the village and continue downstream beside the Ghunsa Khola, through forest and farmland, to the Tibetan summer grazing village of Phale. Visit the wooden gompa. Overnight at Phale.
Day 15: Phale – Amjilosa (2,140m/7,100ft), 5-6 hrs
The trail, through forests of rhododendron, conifer, birch and oak, continues down the valley, dropping to cross numerous tributaries to the last of the Tibetan villages at Gyabla. It then undulates on down to Amjilosa. Overnight at Amjilosa.
Day 16: Amjilosa – Chirwa (1,190m/3,900 ft), 5-6 hrs
After the waterfall beyond the village, the path begins to descend fairly steeply to Sekathum: at the confluence of the Ghunsa and Tamur Kholas. The path then follows the western bank of the Tamur Khola and soon crosses the suspension bridge over the Simbuwa Khola that flows in from the Yarlung Glacier. An afternoon's walk leads to the riverside campsite a ¼hrs walk before the cluster-village of Chirwa. Overnight at Chirwa.
Day 17: Chirwa – Linkhim (1,520m/4,985ft), 5-6 hrs
From Chirwa, leave the river trail and follow the trail that climbs above the east bank of the Tamor Khola to the hamlet at Thiwa (an exit point from the KCA). It then climbs high above the houses of Tawa, over a ridge before dropping into a side canyon to cross the Tawa Khola before climbing back to the ridge. It then passes above the hamlet of Malbanse before reaching Linkhim. Overnight at Linkhim.
Day 18: Linkhim – Suketar (2,700m/8,856ft.), 5-6 hrs
From Linkhim, the trail winds in and out of side canyons to the Limbu village to Phurumbu and a ridge overlooking a vast landslide before Jogidanda. A final 3-4 hrs climb, through the Sherpa villages of Bung Kulung and Bhote Gaon leads to the airstrip at Suketar. Celebrate with a farewell dinner before saying goodbye to your trekking crew. Overnight at Suketar.
Day 19: Suketar - Biratnagar- Kathmandu (1,300m/4,264ft), 30min and 35min flights
After breakfast, board an early morning flight to Biratnagar and later an onward flight to Kathmandu from where you will be driven to your hotel. Afternoon free.
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Trip Information Section
Eating is a big part of Holiday. Travelling with Mountain Mart Trek, you experience the vast array of wonderful food Nepalese, Chinese, Continental, Italian and several local cuisines. Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner are included in the package. Your guide will suggest delicious, hygienic and each place special food during your trip. Mountain restaurant owner prefer not to order many dishes and waste food as they would like to cater more trekkers with limited food before run off stuck. Its a week or more days hard work to porters and caravans to bring food to these places. During this trek you will usually have breakfast and dinner at the same Lodge, lunch will be eaten at one of the trail side restaurants en-route.
A Tea House is the combination of guest house, restaurant, and social hang out. Private rooms are available in most Tea Houses, except for high altitudes ones where it will be just dormitories. The lodges are fairly basic. The rooms are spare with twin beds and very little additional furniture. Blankets are generally provided. There is a large dining room-cum-lounge, warmed by the bukhara stove (an iron cylinder, fitted with a chimney duct, in which a log fire is lighted. There is normally no electric lighting in the rooms unless the village has hydroelectric power. The dining room usually hassolar lighting.
Most teahouses now also have electricity for charging small appliances - mobile phones and cameras - and there may be a small charge for this.
Mountain Mart Trek provides unlimited chlorine/Iodine treated water during the trek. All tea houses have mineral water and boiled water for trekkers upon additional cost. We discourage the purchase of Mineral water and bottled water while on the Trek as plastic bottles aredifficult to dispose off and have become an environmental problem
Mountain Mart Trek offers you complementary route map and T-shirt
What to take
This is a very active trip, meaning you will be on the move most of the time, so pack as lightly as possible. We provide one porter for every two travellers; your trekking gear will be carried by the porter in a duffel bag that we will provide. The maximum the porters are allowed to carry 15 kgs per trekker means 30 kgs from 2 trekkers . Unnecessary luggage can left in Kathmandu Hotel and its absolutely free of cost. .
Important to note:
Please read the Checklist section of this trip notes for additional details of what you need to bring for the trek on this trip. You will need to bring a comfortable medium sized day pack to carry the things that you will need during the day. This should have a waist strap or (better) a padded waist belt. The weather is subject to change in high altitude so layered clothing is recommended throughout the year.
(updated: June 01, 2017 data from Department of Immigration - Nepal)
Foreigners other than Indian citizen, who intend to visit
Nepal must hold a valid passport prior to applying for a Nepal visa. The passport
must have six months validity from the date of arrival. Foreigners can obtain a
Nepalese visa upon arrival at Kathmandu airport, or at a border immigration
office. One recent copy of a passport size color photo is required to apply for
Tourist Visa to Nepal. Mountain Mart Trek has listed Nepal visa information tips for travelers to Nepal.
Tourist visas shall be granted for a maximum
period of 150 days in a visa year (January to December)
A foreigner who has departed before
the expiry of the period specified in the visa issued in a visa year shall not be allowed to use the visa by adding the remaining period to another visa year. If any foreigner who has entered Nepal towards the end of a visa year desires to extend his/her stay into the new visa year, he/she may do so by purchasing another visa for the New Year. Provided, however, that the computation of the fees for such period shall be made on the basis of the total period of the stay.
application for a Tourist Visa must be submitted in the format referred to in
A Nepali visa issued abroad
is valid for entry for three to six months from the date of issue. True -
Tourist Visa Exceptions
Citizens of the
following countries should be issue visa in their own country to Nepal embassy
Cameroon, Ethiopia, Ghana, Iraq, Liberia, Nigeria, Palestine, Somalia,
No foreigners except Indians are entitled to Nepal without a
Visas can be obtained from the following immigration offices
- Tribhuvan International Airport, Kathmandu
- Kakarvitta, Jhapa (Eastern Nepal)
- Birganj, Parsa (Central Nepal)
- Kodari, Sindhupalchowk (Northern Border)
- Belhiya, Bhairahawa (Rupandehi, Western Nepal)
- Jamuna, Nepalgunj (Banke, Mid Western Nepal)
- Mohana, Dhangadhi (Kailali, Far Western Nepal)
- Gaddachauki, Mahendranagar (Kanchanpur, Far Western Nepal)
Visa Application Forms
A copy of the Visa Form is available for use at the end of this
document that avoids you long queue to pick up the Nepal visa form at the international
The fees payable only in USD dollars for obtaining a visa on
arrival at any border are as follows:
- A Tourist Visa
with Multiple Entry for 15 days: US$ 25 payable only in USD dollars.
- A Tourist Visa with Multiple Entry for 30 days: US$ 40
payable only in USD dollars
- A Tourist Visa with Multiple Entry for 90 days: US$ 100 payable
only in USD dollars
- Regardless of the provisions stated in points E1 and E2
above: Tourists with passports from South Asian
Association for Regional Cooperation
(SAARC) countries (Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Pakistan
and Sri Lanka) are not required to
pay visa fees for a 30 day visa.
- Indian citizens do not require a visa to enter into Nepal.
The fees payable (only in local Nepali currency) to extend
the duration of your stay, or to renew a visa are:
- US$ 2 equivalent, in Nepali currency, per day of the
- An additional US$ 20 or equivalent, in Nepali currency,
is payable on a single-entry visa in F1 if a MultipleEntry facility is requested for the
- If foreign visitors failed to renew their visa and need
to do so at an exit point, they have to pay an additional equivalent to US$ 3, in Nepalese
currency, on the regular visa extension fee.
- Foreign visitors who have overstayed their visa period of
150 days without extension are required to pay an additional visa fee as per provision
in F3, plus a fine as specified in Clause 10 sun-clause 4 of the immigration Act 2049.
- Regardless of the provision stated in F1: 15 days is
counted as a minimum extension period and the visa fee is charged accordingly. For an
extension period of more than 15 days, the visa fee is charged as per the provision of F1.
- A tourist visa can be extended for up to a maximum period
of 150 days in a single visa year (Jan. – Dec.).
It is cheaper to purchase a
30 day visa at the point of entry and then to extend it, for 15 days or more at the Central Immigration Office
in Kathmandu or Pokhara unless you are staying for 90 days or more
For an extension to a visa you
will need two additional passport photographs for each extension.
A transit visa for one day can be obtained from Nepal's
immigration offices at an entry point upon the production of a departure flight
ticket via Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu. The fee is US$ 5 or
equivalent convertible currency. A transit visa may not be extended.
A Nepali Visa can be obtained from Nepal Embassy / Consulate
Offices in your country, or upon arrival at Kathmandu airport. It is also
possible to obtain the visa from other border points of entry. You'll need 1
passport photo each time.
For foreign investors, a business visa with a multiple entry
facility for a period of one year or five years can be obtained from the
Department of Immigration on the recommendation of the Department of Industry
and Commerce by paying US$ 100 and US$ 250 or equivalent convertible foreign or
Note: While we
try to make the information contained herein as accurate as possible, we accept
no responsibility for any loss,
disruption or inconvenience sustained by anyone using this information.
Information to Visitors
Foreign visitors are requested to keep a note of the dates
on their Nepalese visa and their passport number to avoid possible problems.
Visa extensions need to be applied for, within the valid period of the Nepalese
You are requested to ensure that you get the arrival/departure stamps on your
passport at the entry /exit points to avoid possible legal complications.
Living in Nepal without a passport or a valid visa is a
Deviation from the prescribed trekking routes mentioned on
your trekking permit will be treated as a violation of the law.
You are advised to be aware of brokers/cheaters and
counterfeit documents or visa/trekking permits to avoid legal complications.
Change of purpose of your stay without permission is not
allowed and employment or voluntary services while on a tourist visa is
strictly prohibited. It will be a punishable offence.
Be certain to
register at the police and Immigration check points along any trail. It would
be wise to register your trekking destination and schedule at your Embassy or
If you encounter
problems along the trails, immediately inform the nearest police or Immigration
You are requested to change money with recognized dealers
and do not forget to take and keep formal receipts.
You are requested to inform the officials at an Immigration
Office or Police Station of any changes in the address previously given in your
visa application form or disembarkation card, and within seven days.
If, as a tourist, your stay is more than 120 days in one
visa year and you wish to visit additional places for longer than 24 hours, you
must register at the local police office of such places, your name, passport
number and address.
You are advised to be mindful to contact the Department of
Immigration to request a visa transfer in the case of getting a new passport or
travel document from your embassy, and within seven days.
Passport and trekking permits should be kept by each trekker
Filming in restricted or notified areas without permission
is strictly prohibited.
Please do not take out the visa stickers from your passport
and do not try to change records printed in your passport.
We request your
co-operation in observing the following guidelines during your stay in Nepal.
Respect local traditions, customs, values and sentiments, help to protect local
culture and maintain local pride.
- Respect privacy
while taking photographs.
- Respect holy
- Refrain from
giving money to children as it will encourage begging.
- Respecting local
etiquette will earn you respect.
Let the Himalayas change you – do not change them: so
remember while you are on trekking:
- Leave campsites
cleaner than you have found them.
- Do not light open fires.
- Burn dry papers
and packets in a safe place.
- Keep local water
clean and avoid using pollutants.
- Plants should be
left to flourish in their natural environment.
- Help your guides
and porters to follow conservation measures.
- Protect the natural environment.
Indian citizens are permitted to travel in Nepal provided
they have any one of the following documents:
Passport; Driving license with photograph; Identity card
with photograph issued by a governmental body; Ration card with photograph;
Voter identity card with photograph; Registration certificate issued by the
Indian embassy to Indian citizens residing in Nepal; Ad hoc/temporary identity
cards issued by the Indian embassy to the Indian citizen in the event of
exigency; Document with photograph and setting out identity, issued by the
sub-divisional magistrate or authority there above.
|Department of Immigration
Kalikasthan, Dillibazar, Kathmandu.
||977 - 01 - 4433934 /
4429660 / 4438862 / 4438868
||977 - 01 - 4433935
|Sunday to Thursday
||10:30 a.m. - 17:00 p.m. in Summer
||10:30 a.m. - 16:00 p.m. in Winter (Nov. to Jan.)
||10:30 a.m. -15:00 p.m.
Visa Application Hours
|Sunday to Thursday
||10:30 a.m. - 15:00 p.m.
||10:30 a.m. - 13:00 p.m.
Note: All of the
information above is based on information from the Department of Immigration of
Nepal’s office and may be found on
Trekking cards and
Permits for Conservation Areas, National Parks and Restricted Areas
All trekkers are required to carry a Trekkers' Information Management System card (TIMS card). It is available from the
Tourist Services Centre in Kathmandu: Sun – Fri 10:00 – 13:00 and 14:00 –
17:00. It is free, but requires two passport photographs. (Trekking agencies
provide the cards for their clients.) Show it at check points on trekking
Trekking Permits are required for all treks that pass
through Conservation Areas or National Parks.
permits can be purchased at the Tourist Services Centre for Rs 2000 plus
National Park entry
tickets cost Rs 3000 and require no photograph. Purchase at the Department
of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation office Sun – Fri 09:00 – 14:00 only
(next to the Tourist Services office).
Permits are required mainly for camping style trekking in remote areas near
the Tibetan border – for which a guide is strongly recommended. They can only
be purchased for two or more trekkers. The permits are issued by the Central
Immigration Office, require two working days, your original passports (not
facsimiles) and two photographs. Costs range from US$10/week to US$500/10 days
plus substantial additional amounts for each additional day. These will be
procured by your chosen trekking agency. Offices are open daily, but with
restricted hours on Saturdays.
The foreign tourist
visiting Nepal shall be granted the tourist visa.
The tourist visa shall be
granted for a period in maximum of 150 days in a visa year (Visa years means
January to December).
A tourist who has departed
before the expiry of the period specified in the visa issued in a visa year
shall not be allowed to use the visa by adding the remaining period to another
If any foreigner who has
entered into Nepal towards the end of a visa year desires to spend even the
period during which he may stay in Nepal with the tourist visa of the other
visa year, he may use such facility.
Provided, however, that the
computation of the fees for such period shall be made on the basis of the total
period of his stay.
Note: Above information is based on Department of
Immigration of Nepal office.